Scaling is the process of removing plaque and tartar accumulated on tooth surfaces by a dentist or dental hygienist. Tartar begins to accumulate on the tooth surface when oral hygiene is not paid enough attention. Plaque is formed by the accumulation of food residues and bacteria and can harden into tartar over time.
Why Does Tartar Form?
Tartar forms as a result of mineral deposits and bacteria accumulating in the mouth. Tartar usually appears on the surfaces of the teeth or at the gum line and can form for many reasons.
- Bacteria and food debris in the mouth form a sticky layer called plaque. This plaque accumulates on the surfaces of the teeth and at the gum line.
- Plaque contains minerals found in saliva. Over time, these minerals crystallize and harden in plaque.
- Hardened plaque is called calculus or tartar. This calculus appears as a hard, yellowish substance on the surface of the tooth or at the gum line.
- Not brushing and flossing regularly can lead to plaque buildup and ultimately tartar formation.
- Smoking or using tobacco products can cause stains and plaque build-up on the teeth.
- People who breathe through their mouth due to nasal congestion or breathing problems are more likely to have teeth that become dirty and build up plaque more quickly.
- Age and genetic factors can also affect tartar formation. Some health problems, especially systemic diseases such as diabetes, can increase tartar formation.
- Excessive consumption of sugary and starchy foods can make it easier for bacteria to form plaque. Acidic drinks can weaken tooth enamel and increase tartar formation.
Tartar formation can damage dental health and is considered one of the main causes of gum disease. Therefore, regular dental care, brushing, flossing and regular dental check-ups are important to prevent tartar build-up and maintain dental health. Your dentist may recommend scaling or prophylactic (preventive) treatment.
How is scaling performed?
Scaling is performed by a dentist. A dental examination can be performed before the procedure so that the dentist or dental hygienist can assess your oral health.
Scaling is usually painless, but local anesthesia (numbing needle) may be administered in some cases for personal comfort.
The dentist removes plaque and tartar that has built up on the surfaces of the teeth using special dental cleaning instruments. These instruments are used to remove tartar and smooth tooth surfaces. In addition, ultrasonic devices or hand instruments may be used.
During the cleaning process, the dentist will also clean your teeth with specialized toothbrushing techniques and professional tooth cleaning solutions. The gums are also observed to check gum health and identify possible gum diseases.
The teeth smoothing process involves smoothing the tooth surfaces in a way that makes them smooth and difficult for plaque to build up. This helps prevent future plaque and tartar build-up.
The dentist or dental hygienist can advise on proper brushing and flossing and explain the importance of oral hygiene to the patient.
If there is serious gum disease or dental health problems, a treatment plan can be created. Afterwards, regular dental check-ups and good oral hygiene are important to maintain good dental health.
Scaling is usually painless and local anesthesia can be used to feel comfortable during the procedure. This is an important part of maintaining dental health and is recommended to be done regularly. You can contact your dentist for more information and advice on oral hygiene.
How to Prevent Tartar Formation?
To prevent tartar formation, it is important to practice regular oral hygiene and adopt healthy dental care habits.
- Tooth brushing is one of the basic steps to prevent tartar formation. You should brush your teeth at least twice a day, after every meal and in the morning and evening.
- You should use a soft-bristled toothbrush. You should use the toothbrush gently and in a circular motion, rather than pressing down hard.
- In addition to brushing, you should floss to clean between your teeth. This will help you remove plaque and food debris from between your teeth.
- You can use dental cleaning tools such as toothbrushes or interdental brushes to clean between teeth.
- You should visit your dentist regularly and have a professional dental cleaning. Your dentist can monitor your dental health and perform scaling when necessary.
- Excessive consumption of sugary and starchy foods can increase plaque formation. Adopting a healthy eating habit can help reduce tartar buildup.
- Acidic drinks can have harmful effects on tooth enamel. It is therefore important to limit or avoid consumption of acidic drinks.
- Smoking or using tobacco products can increase tartar formation. Avoiding these harmful habits is important for maintaining dental health.
- You should choose hygiene products such as toothbrushes, toothpastes and mouthwashes in line with your dentist’s recommendations.
- Treating mouth breathing (mouth breathing) problems can help prevent teeth from getting dirty faster.
- If there is a tendency for tartar formation in your family, you should discuss this with your dentist and follow the recommended steps to reduce the risk.
Adopting regular dental care habits and following your dentist’s recommendations can help prevent tartar buildup. Remember that tartar formation is usually a slow process, so regular care and preventive steps are important to maintain dental health.